Hate Crime

A crime that the victim or any other person perceives to be motivated by hostility or prejudice towards any aspect of a person’s identity. Police forces in England, Wales and Northern Ireland annually monitor five strands of Hate Crime:
  • Disability
  • Gender Identity
  • Race, Ethnicity or Nationality
  • Religion, Faith or Belief
  • Sexual Orientation
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Some examples of Hate Crime are:

  • Verbal abuse or insults
  • Offensive leaflets and posters
  • Abusive gestures
  • Bullying in the school or workplace
  • Threat of attack-including offensive letters
  • Abusive obscene telephone calls and offensive comments on social networking sites
  • Physical attack-such as physical assault
  • Dumping of rubbish outside homes or through letterboxes
  • Damage to property, offensive graffiti
  • Neighbour disputes and arson

So called 'Mate crime' could also come under Hate Crime. 'Mate crime' is when somebody befriends a vulnerable person to take advantage of that vulnerability.


person who has experienced a hate crime may undergo:

  • The feeling of betrayal
  • Deep personal hurt
  • Feelings of powerlessness, vulnerability, anger and sadness
  • Fear for personal and family’s safety
  • Changes in lifestyle that include things such as reactions to strangers and where they walk
  • The victim may become you may be made homeless or forced to leave an area or even made to feel so unsafe that they choose to move away
  • Costs to bear include the cost of repairing damage, dealing with graffiti, replacing possessions and increasing home and personal security
Freedom of Religion


The lack of reporting is a major issue in relation to all hate crimes. Research shows that there are higher levels of hate crime taking place than are currently reported.


A new team of specialist police officers is being set up to investigate online hate crimes, including abuse on Twitter and Facebook. Scotland Yard is to set up a £1.7m “troll-hunting” unit to target online hate crime, it has emerged. The Online Hate Crime Hub, which will receive £450,000 from the Home Office, aims to support victims and receive technology training to identify offenders. “Victims can become isolated, living in fear of the online behavior materialising in the real world"

Disability hate crime

watchdog has been criticised for failing to investigate whether disability hate crime played a part in the harassment and abuse suffered by a disabled refugee, who was repeatedly failed by police officers over seven years before being brutally murdered. Bijan Ebrahimi, who was Iranian, repeatedly complained to Avon and Somerset police about victimisation by neighbours in Bristol, but was seen by officers as “a liar, a nuisance and an attention seeker”. He made 73 phone calls reporting crimes such as racial abuse, criminal damage and death threats – including an arson attack in 2007 but police failed to record a crime on at least 40 of those occasions. He again repeatedly asked police officers for help and protection in the three days leading up to his murder, early on 14 July 2013, following an unprovoked attack and further threats.


Sexual Orientation

My name is David, I am now 15 and I live in Withington. Being gay has been one of the most difficult experiences of my life so far. It was hard to come to terms with, something I have had to do completely by myself. Once at school this lad was bullying me, the usual stuff; faggot, queer, uphill-gardener, I was so stressed that the teacher didn’t do anything that I punched him. I ended up getting into trouble for that. I can’t wait until next year when I’ll be out of this place. I just can’t talk to anyone. I feel insecure and unprotected. I think if it was just talked about that would make it easier.

( Gay rights

Race, Ethnicity or Nationality Religion, Faith or Belief

Brexit vote sees highest spike in religious and racial hate crimes ever recorded Hate crimes involving racial and religious discrimination have soared at an unprecedented rate since the Brexit vote, The Independent can reveal, prompting warnings that minority groups feel “more vulnerable than ever”. Police figures obtained through Freedom of Information (FOI) requests show incidents surged by 23 per cent – from 40,741 to 49,921 – in the 11 months after the EU referendum, compared with the same period the previous year, marking an unparallelled rise.

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